Mongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Its capital, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire. Also in Ulaanbaatar are the National Museum of Mongolia, displaying historic and ethnographic artifacts, and the restored 1830 Gandantegchinlen Monastery.

Capital: Ulaanbaatar
Capital and largest city: Ulaanbaatar; 47°55′N 106°53′E / 47.917°N 106.883°E
Population: 3.027 million (2016) World Bank
Points of interest: Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, MORE
Official language: Mongolian